March 29, 2010Estate Planning, Probate, Trust AdministrationNo Comments
We publish a lot on this blog about preparing your estate plan: writing a will, setting up a trust, choosing beneficiaries and nominating guardians; but there is another side to estate planning, a fun side… the receiving end.
You may assume that the receiving end of estate planning is the fun and easy part, but that is not always the case. Coming into an inheritance presents its own questions and challenges; financial, logistical, and personal.
Receiving an inheritance always means you have to think about taxes. Estate taxes, income taxes, property taxes… The estate tax this year is not as clear as it has been in the past, and you will probably want to have an attorney or accountant help you with it. Whether or not you have help, you will absolutely want to keep paperwork on everything. This includes paperwork from any transfers of inherited property made by you, as well as any and all of the original paperwork you can find for the inherited assets.
There is a lot more to an inheritance than simply getting money and spending it. Are you the nominated guardian of young children, holding those assets in trust for their benefit? Or perhaps you are the beneficiary of a trust, and your receipt of the assets is subject to the terms of that trust. Do you have to use the money for school? Do you need to approval of a trustee before you can spend it? Hopefully you are working with a trustee you know and trust, but if you and the trustee disagree you may need mediation or even your own attorney.
Inherited property is almost always very personal and fraught with emotion. Should you really sell the house grandma lived in for decades and use the money to take a cruise? (If so, wait until after taxes to buy the tickets.) Would your parents have wanted you to use the money to pay for a wedding, or save it for your retirement? Do you want to take the summer home that’s been in your family for generations and own it jointly with your new spouse, or keep the property on your side of the family?
Whatever you choose to do with your inheritance, it’s likely you’ll need some guidance from a knowledgeable and trustworthy professional. Your estate planning attorney can help. Our knowledge of the probate system, estate taxes, and creating vehicles to protect your assets can answer your questions regarding the receiving end of estate planning as well as the planning.
March 26, 2010Estate PlanningNo Comments
“No one wants to think about dying. But refusing to look at the documents that will determine where your money goes when you pass away will not make you live longer. It will just make sorting through everything more difficult for your heirs.”
So begins Paul Sullivan’s recent article in the New York Times, and we must admit, we couldn’t have said it better ourselves. Most people simply don’t want to deal with what they imagine will be a mountain of decisions and paperwork to create an estate plan, and they especially don’t want to think about their own death. It’s not that they truly believe avoiding it will help them live forever, it’s just that they know they aren’t going to die tomorrow or next week, so estate planning really isn’t a high priority… yet.
It’s time now for some straight talk. Any one of us—including you—could die tomorrow. Or next week. You could be in a car accident, your plane could crash, or you could simply be in the wrong place at the wrong time. If and when that occurs, what will happen to your spouse and children?
There are two answers to that question:
- If you have no planning in place your assets will likely go through a lengthy and expensive probate process, losing some value in the process, eventually to be divided amongst your closest living relatives. If you are married your spouse may have to fight your parents about your wishes regarding burial and memorial. And if your spouse dies with you in that terrible car crash your children will be raised by whichever faintly qualified relative steps up to the plate—your parents? Your in-laws? Your 23 year old sister? And if nobody steps up…
- If you DO have planning in place your assets will transfer quickly and smoothly to the beneficiaries you’ve named, in the amounts you have specified. If you have a spouse that person will be taken care of, while perhaps some of your estate is set aside for your children’s education, or to help them buy a home. Your children will receive their inheritance at a time of your choosing; when you feel they will be ready for the responsibility. Your parents and your spouse will know exactly how to arrange your burial and memorial, and will feel a sense of peace and closure knowing that they are following your wishes.
These are hard truths, and no one denies that they are difficult and uncomfortable to consider, but the heartache that can result from neglecting to think about these things is even more painful to imagine.
March 24, 2010Estate PlanningNo Comments
Creating an estate plan to protect your minor children is one of the most difficult—and most important—things you will ever do; this is especially true if you and your child’s other parent are separated or divorced. Relationships don’t always end amicably, but if you do have children it is definitely worthwhile to put aside your differences with your ex long enough to discuss estate planning for the sake of your kids.
There are three major things to consider when estate planning during or after a divorce:
- Financial inheritance
Guardianship: According to the law, if you pass away guardianship passes to your child’s other biological parent; this is the case even if you had full custody (unless it is determined that the surviving parent is unfit). This is something to keep in mind when you are nominating guardians. If you and your ex can sit down and discuss guardians together and agree on a few alternates it will make everyone (including your child) feel more secure about the future.
Financial Inheritance: Although many divorced couples may feel comfortable with their ex as guardian, most are dead set against their ex having any control over their finances. How then can you leave your estate for the benefit of your child without leaving it in the hands of your ex? The solution is to put your child’s inheritance in trust until they come of age, with a person you know and trust acting as trustee. Your trustee will have the responsibility to keep and maintain the trust, giving distributions to the guardian for the benefit of your child. Keep in mind that your trustee and guardian will have to work together quite often, if you and your ex can agree on someone with whom you both are comfortable it will make the process much easier on your trustee, your ex, and your child.
Remarriage: When you marry there is an inevitable mingling of finances, and this is no different for a second or third marriage. However, if you don’t make provisions for your children in your estate plan your assets will end up going entirely to your new spouse when you die, leaving your child(ren) out in the cold. This can be easily addressed in your estate plan (or your ex’s estate plan, if he or she is the one getting remarried) as long as you talk to your attorney and take action now, before it’s too late.
If you are going through or have gone through a divorce please call our office and let us help.
March 22, 2010Health Care, News and Current EventsNo Comments
Everybody knows the latest big news: President Obama’s healthcare reform bill was finally approved by the senate—for better or worse—and although politicians may still be arguing the benefits and evils of the bill across party lines, most Americans are asking one simple question: What does this legislation mean for me?
CNN Health attempts to answer that question and more in a recent article entitled (appropriately) “Answers to your questions on healthcare law.” At a time when everyone either loves or hates the bill, it’s not always easy to get a straight and non-partisan answer to a question that really has nothing to do with politics; but this CNN article does a good job of providing straightforward answers to many of the frequently asked questions, and explaining exactly how this bill is likely to affect you and your family now and in the years to come.
We know that many of our clients will have questions about this bill that go beyond those answered in this article, and we invite you to contact our office with any concerns you may have; especially about how this may affect your decision-making rights, legal healthcare documents, or Medicaid qualification. Whether you are a parent of young children worried about your health insurance, or a retiree facing the need to tighten your purse strings in your “golden years,” this legislation may have an impact on you; contact our office to find out how.
March 19, 2010Elder Law1 Comment
A recent article in the New York Times calls choosing a nursing home for your loved one “one of the hardest [decisions] you will ever make;” and yet it is a decision that almost all of us will have to think about eventually (whether for a grandparent, parent, spouse, or for ourselves.) It is a decision that is made infinitely more difficult if you are forced to make it under pressure.
But choosing a nursing home doesn’t have to be the difficult and unpleasant decision we think it will be, not if you know what to look for, and have the time to really review all your options. Walecia Konrad, author of the article mentioned above, breaks the process down into four steps, and gives valuable advice on how to approach each individual step:
- Doing the research
- Visiting the homes
- Asking the right questions
- Consulting the experts
The home you eventually choose will be a very personal decision based on a number of factors; location, the preferences of your loved one and your family, health, and of course finances; but having all the right information—and confidence in your ability to evaluate that information—is a key part of making this very personal and very emotional decision.
March 17, 2010Estate Planning, News and Current EventsNo Comments
Could it be that some movement finally happening in the House of Representatives with regards to the estate tax?
It looks like it may be, if we are to believe this recent article in Bloomberg Business Week. According to the article, the House Ways and Means Committee has plans to begin discussions in April (after the spring break) about former President George W. Bush’s tax cuts benefiting the middle class.
Of special interest to our clients is the section about the estate tax, found at the bottom of the article:
“…The committee would begin work to retroactively reinstate a federal tax on multimillion-dollar estates that expired Dec. 31. The legislation would likely seek an extension of a 2009 law, which applied a 45 percent tax rate on the value of estates that exceeded $3.5 million per individual… One possibility being considered… would let heirs choose to pay the capital gains tax that replaced the estate levy if that is more beneficial.”
Just one more reason to be sure you see your estate planner as soon as possible in 2010.
March 15, 2010Elder Law, News and Current Events1 Comment
Do you need long-term care insurance? You may think you’re too young to think about that quite yet, but what about your parents? If you’re reading this blog it’s likely that your parents are at an age where they soon may need some sort of care, whether that will be in-home care, nursing care, or even need to stay in a nursing facility; if your parents haven’t planned ahead for this eventuality, the burden for their care—either financial or physical or both—may fall on you.
It is for this very reason that a new trend in long-term care insurance seems to be emerging. According to this article by Stacy Schultz, there is an upswing in the purchase of long-term care insurance by the Boomer Generation—except the insurance isn’t for the Boomers themselves, it’s for their parents. “Many of them have just had a relative go through being in a nursing home, and they see the devastation and the stress it causes,” quotes the article. “They’re concerned about mom and dad, and if their parents don’t have a lot of means they want to buy insurance for them.”
If you are considering buying long-term care insurance, either for yourself or your parents, you have a number of options, especially compared to even just a few years ago. Forbes.com recently published an article outlining the improvements in long-term insurance, and what your options are if you’re buying it today.
Take an hour or two this month to talk to your parents (or your kids) and advisors about what the coming years have in store. You may not need long-term care insurance, but you will certainly need a plan, and it’s never a bad idea to know your options, especially when it comes to protecting your future. In the lives of many Boomers, protecting their own future also means protecting their parents’ futures.
March 12, 2010Asset ProtectionNo Comments
Somewhere between Family Law and Estate Planning lie Prenuptial Agreements. These documents—once avoided at all costs by all but the super-rich as pessimistic or unromantic—are now considered by just about every financial advisor or specialist to be good financial planning, good estate planning, and just good sense.
Prenups are no longer just for the rich and famous, and they’re not for people “who will probably get divorced anyway.” A prenup is a good idea for the small-business owner, the older bride or groom with children from a previous marriage, the newly-graduated student with a huge amount of credit card debt, and the expectant heir or heiress. In fact, according to this article in USA Today even “Personal-finance expert Suze Orman encourages every engaged couple to get one to protect their current and future assets as well as to shield themselves in case a mate secretly runs up massive credit card debt (which could damage both partners’ credit scores).”
And we’re not talking about your parent’s prenups anymore. As with most things, prenuptial agreements have evolved over the years: “Some prenups touch upon more sentimental topics, such as who keeps the heirloom silverware received as a wedding present…” and “Some prenups address issues such as adultery, frequency of intimacy, limitations of weight gain, the scheduling of housekeeping and provisions for pets.”
If there is a wedding somewhere in your near future consider calling our office to talk about whether a prenuptial agreement might benefit you and your fiancé. Prenups may have a reputation as being unromantic, but what could be more romantic or loving than planning your future… together.
March 10, 2010Estate Planning, Health CareNo Comments
This time of year often involves spring cleaning for many families: reorganizing the closets, clearing the weeds and brush from the yard, and getting rid of all those boxes in the garage or basement. Spring seems to be a time to take stock and start fresh… at least in the home. But what about with your health?
We’re not talking about the diet you vowed to follow in your New Year’s Resolution, or trying to look good in that new bathing suit for summer; what we’re talking about is your annual checkup—taking stock of your health with your primary care physician and making sure you’re both on the same page with your instructions for health care and your advanced healthcare directive or living will.
When clients come into our office for an estate plan, we ensure that their healthcare instructions are completed as well; but the job doesn’t end when the document is signed. Your health care providers need to be aware of your wishes as well. The best way to ensure that they know and understand your wishes is to take a copy of your advanced healthcare directive or living will with you to your next check up and talk to your physician about it, then ask them to keep the copy on file.
A rule of thumb with healthcare wishes is to give a copy of your living will or healthcare directive to each of your primary care physicians, give a copy to each of the healthcare agents you’ve nominated, AND keep a copy or two on file to take with you if you ever need to go to the hospital. And of course keep the signed original in a safe place with the rest of your estate planning documents.
March 8, 2010Estate Planning, ProbateNo Comments
When it comes to estate planning there are two major vehicles for the distribution of property: A will and a trust. Both are very useful tools and can accomplish specific goals—but how do you know which one is best for your family? Which document you will need depends on a number of factors, some of which may seem completely irrelevant at first: the size of your estate, your goals for that estate, the age of your children, your marital status, your retirement account, and many, many more. But the first step to understanding which tool may be right for you is to understand what each document does.
A Will: A will is a formal declaration of your wishes. It is a document you create to declare the extent of your privately held property (it does not cover jointly owned property) and what your wishes are for the distribution of that property. You name an executor to carry out your wishes, and you can even include a nomination of guardian for young children in your will. A will does not go into effect until after you die; before then it is simply a piece of paper containing your private wishes. However, once you have passed away your will no longer remains private, it now becomes a matter of public record, available to anybody who would like to view it, and overseen by the court in a sometimes lengthy and expensive process called probate.
A Trust: A trust is a far more extensive tool than a will. In fact, there are many different kinds of trusts, each of which may be used for specific situations. Most trusts created for estate planning purposes are revocable living trusts (or RLTs.) An RLT is a document created not simply to distribute your property, but to own your property on your behalf, to be invested and spent for your benefit or the benefit of your named beneficiaries. As such, a trust takes effect as soon as you sign it and your property is protected by and subjected to the trust parameters as soon as you place them in the name of your trust. There is a lot of flexibility available with a trust, and yours can be created to fit your unique situation. Most RLTs name the trust creators as the initial trustees, nominating individuals or banks to take over as trustee when the creator becomes incapacitated or passes away. The benefit of a trust is that when the creator passes away, property is not merely distributed and that’s the end of it; the creator can instruct the trustee to distribute the money slowly and in any number of ways, even to the extent of creating new trusts for each beneficiary. Trusts can last for generations, as evidenced by the enduring Kennedy trusts.
Wills and trusts are necessary tools in estate planning, each one working in unique situations. Your attorney will be able to tell you which one is best for your family.